Human Gene ARHGEF2 (uc001fms.2) Description and Page Index
  Description: Homo sapiens Rho/Rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) 2 (ARHGEF2), transcript variant 2, mRNA.
RefSeq Summary (NM_001162384): Rho GTPases play a fundamental role in numerous cellular processes that are initiated by extracellular stimuli that work through G protein coupled receptors. The encoded protein may form complex with G proteins and stimulate rho-dependent signals. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified.[provided by RefSeq, Jun 2009].
Transcript (Including UTRs)
   Position: hg19 chr1:155,916,630-155,948,336 Size: 31,707 Total Exon Count: 22 Strand: -
Coding Region
   Position: hg19 chr1:155,917,733-155,948,218 Size: 30,486 Coding Exon Count: 22 

Page IndexSequence and LinksGenetic AssociationsMalaCardsCTDGene Alleles
RNA-Seq ExpressionMicroarray ExpressionRNA StructureProtein StructureOther SpeciesmRNA Descriptions
PathwaysOther NamesModel InformationMethods
Data last updated: 2013-06-15

-  Sequence and Links to Tools and Databases
Genomic Sequence (chr1:155,916,630-155,948,336)mRNA (may differ from genome)Protein (985 aa)
Gene SorterGenome BrowserOther Species FASTAVisiGeneGene interactionsTable Schema
BioGPSCGAPEnsemblEntrez GeneExonPrimerGeneCards
ReactomeStanford SOURCETreefamUniProtKBWikipedia

-  Genetic Association Studies of Complex Diseases and Disorders
  Genetic Association Database (archive): ARHGEF2
CDC HuGE Published Literature: ARHGEF2

-  MalaCards Disease Associations
  MalaCards Gene Search: ARHGEF2
Diseases sorted by gene-association score: neurodevelopmental disorder with midbrain and hindbrain malformations* (950), unilateral focal polymicrogyria (18), aarskog-scott syndrome (13), scott syndrome (7), motor neuron disease (3)
* = Manually curated disease association

-  Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD)
  The following chemicals interact with this gene           more ... click here to view the complete list

+  Common Gene Haplotype Alleles
  Press "+" in the title bar above to open this section.

-  RNA-Seq Expression Data from GTEx (53 Tissues, 570 Donors)
  Highest median expression: 31.15 RPKM in Lung
Total median expression: 746.52 RPKM

View in GTEx track of Genome Browser    View at GTEx portal     View GTEx Body Map

+  Microarray Expression Data
  Press "+" in the title bar above to open this section.

-  mRNA Secondary Structure of 3' and 5' UTRs
RegionFold EnergyBasesEnergy/Base
Display As
5' UTR -34.70118-0.294 Picture PostScript Text
3' UTR -382.811103-0.347 Picture PostScript Text

The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.

-  Protein Domain and Structure Information
  Pfam Domains:
PF00621 - RhoGEF domain

SCOP Domains:
48065 - DBL homology domain (DH-domain)
50729 - PH domain-like
57889 - Cysteine-rich domain

ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on Q92974-2
The pictures above may be empty if there is no ModBase structure for the protein. The ModBase structure frequently covers just a fragment of the protein. You may be asked to log onto ModBase the first time you click on the pictures. It is simplest after logging in to just click on the picture again to get to the specific info on that model.

-  Orthologous Genes in Other Species
  Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.
MouseRatZebrafishD. melanogasterC. elegansS. cerevisiae
No orthologNo orthologNo orthologNo orthologNo orthologNo ortholog
Gene Details     
Gene Sorter     

-  Descriptions from all associated GenBank mRNAs
  JD483471 - Sequence 464495 from Patent EP1572962.
BC027722 - Homo sapiens, clone IMAGE:4636257, mRNA.
BC000265 - Homo sapiens cDNA clone IMAGE:3356293, **** WARNING: chimeric clone ****.
AL512715 - Homo sapiens mRNA; cDNA DKFZp547L106 (from clone DKFZp547L106).
AB014551 - Homo sapiens KIAA0651 mRNA for KIAA0651 protein.
AL832538 - Homo sapiens mRNA; cDNA DKFZp547P1516 (from clone DKFZp547P1516).
BC020567 - Homo sapiens rho/rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) 2, mRNA (cDNA clone MGC:21557 IMAGE:4157775), complete cds.
JD528743 - Sequence 509767 from Patent EP1572962.
JD065052 - Sequence 46076 from Patent EP1572962.
JD133897 - Sequence 114921 from Patent EP1572962.
JD202638 - Sequence 183662 from Patent EP1572962.
JD203360 - Sequence 184384 from Patent EP1572962.
AK304548 - Homo sapiens cDNA FLJ55568 complete cds, highly similar to Rho/Rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor 2.
JD052478 - Sequence 33502 from Patent EP1572962.
JD445334 - Sequence 426358 from Patent EP1572962.
AK295924 - Homo sapiens cDNA FLJ60581 complete cds, highly similar to Rho/Rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor 2.
JD020727 - Sequence 1751 from Patent EP1572962.
JD030064 - Sequence 11088 from Patent EP1572962.
X15610 - Human mRNA for proliferating cell nucleolar antigen P40 C-terminal fragment.
U72206 - Human guanine nucleotide regulatory factor (LFP40) mRNA, complete cds.
JD500733 - Sequence 481757 from Patent EP1572962.
JD511282 - Sequence 492306 from Patent EP1572962.
JD525846 - Sequence 506870 from Patent EP1572962.
JD112700 - Sequence 93724 from Patent EP1572962.
JD119781 - Sequence 100805 from Patent EP1572962.
JD175224 - Sequence 156248 from Patent EP1572962.
JD396701 - Sequence 377725 from Patent EP1572962.
JD052391 - Sequence 33415 from Patent EP1572962.
JD307530 - Sequence 288554 from Patent EP1572962.
JD426399 - Sequence 407423 from Patent EP1572962.
JD528962 - Sequence 509986 from Patent EP1572962.
JD445737 - Sequence 426761 from Patent EP1572962.
JD168954 - Sequence 149978 from Patent EP1572962.
JD050772 - Sequence 31796 from Patent EP1572962.
JD127434 - Sequence 108458 from Patent EP1572962.
JD052386 - Sequence 33410 from Patent EP1572962.
JD470194 - Sequence 451218 from Patent EP1572962.
JD310679 - Sequence 291703 from Patent EP1572962.
JD268772 - Sequence 249796 from Patent EP1572962.
JD267832 - Sequence 248856 from Patent EP1572962.
AF486838 - Homo sapiens guanine nucleotide exchange factor GEF-H1 mRNA, complete cds.
BT007407 - Homo sapiens rho/rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) 2 mRNA, complete cds.
DQ891489 - Synthetic construct clone IMAGE:100004119; FLH177420.01X; RZPDo839H09124D rho/rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) 2 (ARHGEF2) gene, encodes complete protein.
KJ901951 - Synthetic construct Homo sapiens clone ccsbBroadEn_11345 ARHGEF2 gene, encodes complete protein.
DQ894678 - Synthetic construct Homo sapiens clone IMAGE:100009138; FLH177417.01L; RZPDo839H09123D rho/rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) 2 (ARHGEF2) gene, encodes complete protein.
AM393305 - Synthetic construct Homo sapiens clone IMAGE:100001944 for hypothetical protein (ARHGEF2 gene).
AB385367 - Synthetic construct DNA, clone: pF1KA0651, Homo sapiens ARHGEF2 gene for Rho/Rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor 2, complete cds, without stop codon, in Flexi system.
JD022056 - Sequence 3080 from Patent EP1572962.
JD027618 - Sequence 8642 from Patent EP1572962.
JD019467 - Sequence 491 from Patent EP1572962.
JD028296 - Sequence 9320 from Patent EP1572962.
JD021705 - Sequence 2729 from Patent EP1572962.
JD031379 - Sequence 12403 from Patent EP1572962.
CU676564 - Synthetic construct Homo sapiens gateway clone IMAGE:100017512 5' read ARHGEF2 mRNA.
AK127366 - Homo sapiens cDNA FLJ45440 fis, clone BRSSN2007168, weakly similar to Mus musculus lymphoid blast crisis-like 1 (Lbcl1).

-  Biochemical and Signaling Pathways
  KEGG - Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes
hsa05130 - Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection

Reactome (by CSHL, EBI, and GO)

Protein Q92974 (Reactome details) participates in the following event(s):

R-HSA-194913 GEFs activate Rho GTPase:GDP
R-HSA-419166 GEFs activate RhoA,B,C
R-HSA-205039 p75NTR indirectly activates RAC and Cdc42 via a guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor
R-HSA-194840 Rho GTPase cycle
R-HSA-416482 G alpha (12/13) signalling events
R-HSA-193648 NRAGE signals death through JNK
R-HSA-194315 Signaling by Rho GTPases
R-HSA-388396 GPCR downstream signalling
R-HSA-204998 Cell death signalling via NRAGE, NRIF and NADE
R-HSA-162582 Signal Transduction
R-HSA-372790 Signaling by GPCR
R-HSA-193704 p75 NTR receptor-mediated signalling
R-HSA-73887 Death Receptor Signalling

-  Other Names for This Gene
  Alternate Gene Symbols: KIAA0651, LFP40, NM_001162384, NP_004714, Q92974-2
UCSC ID: uc001fms.2
RefSeq Accession: NM_001162384
Protein: Q92974-2, splice isoform of Q92974 CCDS: CCDS1125.1, CCDS53375.1, CCDS53376.1

-  Gene Model Information
category: coding nonsense-mediated-decay: no RNA accession: NM_001162384.1
exon count: 22CDS single in 3' UTR: no RNA size: 4191
ORF size: 2958CDS single in intron: no Alignment % ID: 100.00
txCdsPredict score: 6116.00frame shift in genome: no % Coverage: 99.71
has start codon: yes stop codon in genome: no # of Alignments: 1
has end codon: yes retained intron: no # AT/AC introns 0
selenocysteine: no end bleed into intron: 0# strange splices: 0
Click here for a detailed description of the fields of the table above.

-  Methods, Credits, and Use Restrictions
  Click here for details on how this gene model was made and data restrictions if any.