ID:FRY_HUMAN DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=Protein furry homolog; FUNCTION: Plays a crucial role in the structural integrity of mitotic centrosomes and in the maintenance of spindle bipolarity by promoting PLK1 activity at the spindle poles in early mitosis. May function as a scaffold promoting the interaction between AURKA and PLK1, thereby enhancing AURKA-mediated PLK1 phosphorylation. SUBUNIT: When phosphorylated by CDK1, interacts with PLK1; this interaction occurs in mitotic cells, but not in interphase cells, and leads to further phosphorylation by PLK1. Interacts with AURKA. SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, centrosome. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle pole. Note=Distributed diffusely throughout the cytoplasm in interphase. Localizes to the separating centrosomes in prophase, to the spindle poles and spindle microtubules in prometaphase to metaphase, to spindle microtubules in anaphase and to the distal sections of the midbody in cytokinesis. Colocalizes with PLK1 to separating centrosomes and spindle poles from prophase to metaphase in mitosis, but not in other stages of the cell cycle. PTM: Phosphorylated by AURKA, CDK1 and PLK1. SIMILARITY: Belongs to the furry protein family. SEQUENCE CAUTION: Sequence=CAB42442.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=1340, 1378;
Genetic Association Studies of Complex Diseases and Disorders
Thyrotropin Shih-Jen Hwang et al. BMC medical genetics 2007, A genome-wide association for kidney function and endocrine-related traits in the NHLBI's Framingham Heart Study., BMC medical genetics.
Kidney function traits and TSH are associated with SNPs on the Affymetrix GeneChip Human Mapping 100K SNP set. These data will serve as a valuable resource for replication as more SNPs associated with kidney function and endocrine traits are identified.
The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.
Pfam Domains: PF14222 - Cell morphogenesis N-terminal PF14225 - Cell morphogenesis C-terminal PF14228 - Cell morphogenesis central region
ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on Q5TBA9
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Orthologous Genes in Other Species
Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.