Human Gene SMAD1 (uc010iov.3) Description and Page Index
Description: Homo sapiens SMAD family member 1 (SMAD1), transcript variant 2, mRNA. RefSeq Summary (NM_005900): The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the SMAD, a family of proteins similar to the gene products of the Drosophila gene 'mothers against decapentaplegic' (Mad) and the C. elegans gene Sma. SMAD proteins are signal transducers and transcriptional modulators that mediate multiple signaling pathways. This protein mediates the signals of the bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), which are involved in a range of biological activities including cell growth, apoptosis, morphogenesis, development and immune responses. In response to BMP ligands, this protein can be phosphorylated and activated by the BMP receptor kinase. The phosphorylated form of this protein forms a complex with SMAD4, which is important for its function in the transcription regulation. This protein is a target for SMAD-specific E3 ubiquitin ligases, such as SMURF1 and SMURF2, and undergoes ubiquitination and proteasome-mediated degradation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]. Transcript (Including UTRs) Position: hg19 chr4:146,403,963-146,480,325 Size: 76,363 Total Exon Count: 7 Strand: + Coding Region Position: hg19 chr4:146,435,766-146,479,086 Size: 43,321 Coding Exon Count: 6
ID:SMAD1_HUMAN DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 1; Short=MAD homolog 1; Short=Mothers against DPP homolog 1; AltName: Full=JV4-1; AltName: Full=Mad-related protein 1; AltName: Full=SMAD family member 1; Short=SMAD 1; Short=Smad1; Short=hSMAD1; AltName: Full=Transforming growth factor-beta-signaling protein 1; Short=BSP-1; FUNCTION: Transcriptional modulator activated by BMP (bone morphogenetic proteins) type 1 receptor kinase. SMAD1 is a receptor-regulated SMAD (R-SMAD). SMAD1/OAZ1/PSMB4 complex mediates the degradation of the CREBBP/EP300 repressor SNIP1. SUBUNIT: Interacts with HGS, NANOG and ZCCHC12 (By similarity). May form trimers with another SMAD1 and the co-SMAD SMAD4. Interacts with PEBP2-alpha subunit, CREB-binding protein (CBP), p300, SMURF1, SMURF2, USP15 and HOXC8. Associates with ZNF423 or ZNF521 in response to BMP2 leading to activate transcription of BMP target genes. Interacts with SKOR1. Interacts (via MH2 domain) with LEMD3. Binding to LEMD3 results in at least a partial reduction of receptor-mediated phosphorylation. Forms a ternary complex with PSMB4 and OAZ1 before PSMB4 is incorporated into the 20S proteasome. INTERACTION: P46937:YAP1; NbExp=3; IntAct=EBI-1567153, EBI-1044059; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=Cytoplasmic in the absence of ligand. Migrates to the nucleus when complexed with SMAD4. Co-localizes with LEMD3 at the nucleus inner membrane. TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Ubiquitous. Highest expression seen in the heart and skeletal muscle. PTM: Phosphorylated on serine by BMP type 1 receptor kinase. PTM: Ubiquitinated by SMAD-specific E3 ubiquitin ligase SMURF1, leading to its degradation. Monoubiquitinated, leading to prevent DNA-binding. Deubiquitination by USP15 alleviates inhibition and promotes activation of TGF-beta target genes. DISEASE: Defects in SMAD1 may be a cause of primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH1) [MIM:178600]. A rare disorder characterized by plexiform lesions of proliferating endothelial cells in pulmonary arterioles. The lesions lead to elevated pulmonary arterial pression, right ventricular failure, and death. The disease can occur from infancy throughout life and it has a mean age at onset of 36 years. Penetrance is reduced. Although familial PPH1 is rare, cases secondary to known etiologies are more common and include those associated with the appetite-suppressant drugs. SIMILARITY: Belongs to the dwarfin/SMAD family. SIMILARITY: Contains 1 MH1 (MAD homology 1) domain. SIMILARITY: Contains 1 MH2 (MAD homology 2) domain.
Genetic Association Studies of Complex Diseases and Disorders
Genetic Association Database (archive): SMAD1 CDC HuGE Published Literature: SMAD1
The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.
ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on Q15797
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Orthologous Genes in Other Species
Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.